Sunday, September 10, 2017

Reuben Kirkland DNA Analysis

I had been looking for a known descendent of Reuben Kirkland Sr., so we could compare DNA matches and hopefully clarify the confusion of the three Reuben Kirklands of Barnwell District, SC.  And luckily one found me.   Charlie Black is a known descendant of Reuben Kirkland) and Amy Branch.   And myself through Reuben Kirkland and Delilah Hitson/Eidson.  Although DNA should only be used as one source and verified with other sources and records, it is a very valuable research tool.

Charlie and I were both tested through and so are able to see our shared matches using their website.   Using the DNA Circles created by Ancestry, we are able to see information for other individuals who have matching DNA and matching information in their posted online family trees.  After doing some analysis of our matching DNA Circles, here’s the conclusions:

Charlie Black and 23 other test takers “his cousins” appear in DNA Circles for Reuben Kirkland Sr. and/or his wife Mary Clarke.
Five descending from their son George Kirkland
Five descending from their daughter Martha Lydia Kirkland
Four descending from their son Reuben Kirkland Jr (married to Amy Branch)
One descending from Robert Cornelius Kirkland
Three descending from Sarah Clarke  Kirkland
Five descending from William Clarke Kirkland

I (Tamara Stevenson) and about 60 other test takers “my cousins” appear in the DNA Circles for Reuben Kirkland and/or his wife Delilah Hitson/Eidson and/or their son Bird Jackson Kirtland.  
One descending through their son Reuben E Kirkland
Four descending through their son Seaborn Bonaparte Kirkland
Three descending through their son George Henry Kirkland
Six descending through their daughter Harriet E Kirkland
Forty six descending through their son Bird Jackson Kirkland

Of all of these tests results, only one individual appears in Charlie's DNA Circles and in my DNA Circles.  Based on this individual's family tree, he/she descends through George Henry Kirkland (son of Reuben Kirkland and Delilah Hitson) as well as through William Clarke Kirkland (son of Reuben Kirkland Sr. and Mary Clarke).  Interestingly, the individual does not appear in Charlie's DNA Circle for Reuben Kirkland Sr., which suggests that the DNA information linking him/her to the Mary Clarke Kirkland is distant.  Readers should also understand that this individual could share DNA with Charlie and me through someone other than George Henry Kirkland and William Clark Kirkland and only appear in our DNA Circles because of errors in his/her family tree. 

This individual matches to only three other individuals within the Mary Clarke DNA Circle.  A closer review of their online family trees shows that all four claim to be descended from Nathan C. Grimes and Ester/Esther Kirkland of Barnwell District.  Ancestry trees also show Ester/Esther Kirkland as a granddaughter of Benjamin and Alce Kirkland of Barnwell District.  Contrary to what some Ancestry trees presume, there is no evidence that establishes a relationship between Reuben Kirkland Sr. and Benjamin Kirkland.  

Another possible anomaly test taker does exist.  The “cousin” shows a tree through Martha Lydia Kirkland (daughter of Reuben Kirkland Sr. and Mary Sarah Clarke) who matches DNA with Tamara and her mother… but does not match with other known Kirkland cousins on Tamara’s side.  This test taker is not showing in any DNA circles on either side.  However the test taker doesn’t have Reuben Kirkland Sr. in their tree, Martha Lydia Kirkland is the last generation.   Might appear in that DNA Circle if Reuben Kirkland Sr. was added to their tree.    Based on this analysis, it is probable of her matching through another ancestor with Tamara and her mother.

As Ancestry doesn’t have a chromosome browser option, it is not possible to know if all of the test takers share in the exact same segment or segments of DNA. This could only be achieved with all of the tests were uploaded to another website for further analysis.   Based on the number of tests, it’s unlikely that will happen any time soon, if at all in the future.  

Offering this analysis as further verification that Reuben Kirkland married to Delilah Hitson/Eidson is not the son of Reuben Kirkland Sr. and Mary Sarah Clarke.  Their son, based on this DNA analysis would be Reuben Kirkland married to Amy Branch.

I welcome any comments, questions, clarifications, etc.   Please contact me via the messaging system on Family Search or Ancestry or directly at

Thanks to Charlie Black for assisting in compiling this information and editing of final analysis.

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Conflicting Information about Reuben Kirkland Jr. Parentage

Reuben Kirkland Jr.- married to Delilah Hitson

For some time many online trees claimed the two Reuben’s were the same person and he was married to both Delilah Hitson and Amy Branch with parents as Reuben Kirkland and Mary Sarah Clarke.  It appears that most researchers now at least think they are two separate people.

However confusion still exists as to which one is the son of Reuben Kirkland Sr.   There have been many changes going back and forth with this in Family Search.  I have decided to compile all of my information into one document and post it and on my family history blog to help others understand why I have come to my own conclusions.   Or rather lack of conclusion as to Reuben Kirkland Jr. (husband of Deliliah Hitson) parentage.   I have not been able to determine whom his parents are.  There are listings in his discussion section showing the wills I have researched that don’t list a son as Reuben Kirkland.   See them here:

The most compelling information I have found in a Family Bible on

Reuben Kirkland and Amy Branch Family Bible Photos

This is the Bible of Reuben Kirkland and Amy Branch.  It lists his father as Reuben and Mary Kirkland.   Original photos of the Family Bible can be found here.
This Bible is in the possession of Cal Watson’s Mother.  He had originally listed a transcription of the Bible in Ancestry and was kind enough to add in photos upon my request.  

Other conflicting/ clarifying information-

1820 Census Situation
There are three Rueben Kirklands in the 1820 Census in Barnwell, South Carolina.  Presumably- 
One would be Rueben Kirkland Sr.  
One would be Rueben Kirkland Jr.- the son of Rueben Kirkland Jr.

The other would be Rueben Kirkland Jr. living by other Kirklands

Carolyn Brooks in August 4, 2013 posted the following information as to her intrepetation of the three men.  The original posting is shown here:

“Confusion exists between two Reuben Kirkland's of about the same age, born between 1795-1804, living in Barnwell, South Carolina: Reuben Kirkland Jr., son of Reuben Kirkland Sr., 1755-1822, and Sarah 'Mary' Clark, and the Reuben Kirkland who married Delilah Hitson / Eidson, Widow of Absalom Shirley.

The Reuben of my family line is believed to be with his wife, both between age 16 and 25, along with Delilah's son by Shirley, a male under age 10, in the 1820 census of Barnwell Dist., Barnwell, S.C. on Image 38 of 46 pages in Ancestry census records.

Both Reuben Kirkland Sr. and Reuben Kirkland Jr. are together with a Robert Kirkland in the same census located on Image 26 of 46 pages.

Where as the elder Reuben Kirkland's son, Reuben Kirkland Jr., 1792-1871, married Amy Branch raising a family in S. C., Reuben Kirkland that married Absalom Shirley's Widow, moved to Randolph, Georgia where he and his family are found in the 1830 census of that location. Reuben's step son and four of his children, offspring of Delilah, match the age range of known individuals born to their union by 1830. Three more children resulted with the last child born in 1839. Reuben Kirkland died before 1840.

Mistaken as one of their children, a grandchild, Maranda Kirkland, born in 1844, was born by their daughter, Harriet Kirkland, as evidenced by the 1900 census in Graham, De Kalb, Alabama that names Harriet Kirkland as mother to Maranda while living in the household of Maranda's husband, James Asa Fricks. Their are family stories and speculation that Harriet married an Unknown Kirkland cousin with some sort of mystery attached.”

My personal note:   Wouldn’t the Reuben Kirkland Jr. living by the Reuben Kirkland Sr. be his son.   Not the one living near other Kirklands.  That seems logical to me.

1822 Will of Reuben Kirkland Sr.

This lists he has a son named Reuben Jr. whom he bequeaths some land to in South Carolina,  stating: “I give and bequeath unto my son Reuben Kirkland my land and plantation lately purchased from James Price ajoining himself Seth Thurston Matthew Moye L McAyer and Robert Chitty.”
Will recorded September 20, 1822.

Personal Note: Another Researcher indicates that Reuben Jr. didn’t act as executor of the will as stated and therefore surmises that his son Reuben Jr. wasn’t living in the South Carolina at the time the will was executed.  As of yet haven’t found any proof of when Reuben Jr and Delilah moved to Georgia.   See the birth place section listed below for more information about this matter. If in fact he was living in Georgia why would his father say to give him land adjoining him in South Carolina?

Birth Places of Reuben and Delilah’s children.
Seaborn born in 1820 and Annis born in 1822 list South Carolina as their birth place in future censuses.  Harriet born in 1824 lists South Carolina as birth place in two censuses and Georgia in a third Census.  So not conclusive that Reuben and Deliliah were in Georgia by 1822. 
Additionally the letter written by Victoria in 1844 says that Seaborn, Annis and Harriet were born in South Carolina prior to the family moving to Georgia.
The Victoria’s original letter can be seen here.

1830 Censuses
One Reuben is still living in Barnwell, South Carolina, which is where Reuben and Amy Kirkland’s children list as birth places in future censuses.

One Reuben is living in Randolph, Georgia – Seaborn (1820) and Annis (1822) list South Carolina as birth places in future censuses. Harriet (1824) lists South Carolina and Georga as birth places in future censuses. Bird and children after him seem to list Georgia as place of birth in most future censuses.

My personal note:  Seems Reuben and Delilah moved to Georgia between 1820 and 1827 (as Bird was born in Georgia.)

1840 Censuses have not been located.

1850 Censuses
Reuben and Amy are still living in Barnwell, South Carolina- shown in this census with some of their children

Delilah is listed as head of house in Georgia with children- so the other Reuben Kirkland has died by now.

Mizpah Book
The book  Mizpah: A Family Book, including “A Family Sketch and Else of Buford’s Bridge and Its People” by Rev M M Braham 1923, Compiled by A Mackay Braham JR. 1978   contains the following information.

My personal note as attached to Reuben Kirkland in
Found online at Burley Family History Center - restricted copyright not available to attach directly from the book. Transcription as follows. Transcribed on 3 August 2016 by Tamara Stevenson.
 Mizpah: A Family Book, including “A Family Sketch and Else or Buford’s Bridge and Its People by Rev M M Brabham 1923 Compiled by A McKay Brabham, Jr. 1978 Note- appears that Rev M M Brabham’s book has been reprinted within the book compiled by A McKay Brabham.
 From the section entitled: A Family Sketch and Else or Buford’s Bridge and its People written by Rev. M. M. Brabham 1923 from page 33
 The fifth child of Reuben Kirkland Sr, was Reuben Jr. He married Amy Branch of Colleton District. To them were born a number of children, some of whom died before I could remember, if not before I as born. Those who I knew were Needham Franklin and John Cornelius , twins, Neeb and Nick- “Neeb,” later changing to Frank, while “Nick” held on to the end. With these twins, was a sister, Sallie. Whether she was older or younger than the brothers I am unable to say. Frank became a medical doctor and located at Brighton, Beaufort District, where he met and married Jennie Lawton, daughter of Joseph Maner Lawton a wealthy and influential man and Methodist of his day. Doctor N. F. Kirkland was one of the most prominent, as well as one of the most useful men of his country- a Christian of sterling character and wide influence.
From the main book: from page 190 Dr. Needham Franklin Kirkland, b Jan. 27 1831, d. Sept 1920, son of Reuben Kirkland Jr. and Amy Branch, grandson of Reuben Kirkland, Sr. And Sarah Clarke Kirkland, m. 1858 to Jane Maner Lawton, b. 1838 d. 1909. “

Added Note: If the Dr. Needham Franklin is the son of Reuben Kirkland married to Amy Branch, with grandparents as Reuben Kirkland and Sarah Clarke, then Reuben Kirkland married to Delilah Hitson is not their son.

Name of Seaborn
Ancestry Family Tree-  although I don’t trust family trees unless I can verify the information personally myself, I use them as clues.    Recently in viewing a DNA Match I found that a tree on Ancestry shows Reuben Kirkland’s parents as John Kirkland and Elinor Seaborn.
Another Researcher claims that because a son of Reuben Kirkland and Delilah was named Seaborn and that the only other known Seaborn is a descendant of Reuben Kirkland and Mary Clarke, indicating a family connection.   However given this unverified information about a grandmother being a Seaborn, lends a little pause for thought on that assumption. 

Cemetery listing
Although the cemetery website doesn’t list that Reuben Jr. is buried by his parents;  (as shown here:

Charles Black lists the following note in his Rootsweb tree.

Note: From chronicle of the Kirkland family by Rev. W.C. Kirkland, 1923: "Both of them, two of their children, Mrs. Sarah Clark Brabham, and Reuben Kirkland, Jr., some of their grandchildren, other relations and some of their slaves, are buried in the Kirkland graveyard in sight of where they lived and died."

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

Crist and Green Family Photos

John William Green Family

Annie Ellen Crist and John William Green

Charlotte Carling and Charles Lamoni Green III

Elizabeth Ann Trescott Crist (seated) and Suzzie Gardner

Elizabeth Ann Trescott and Edmund Lee Crist

Sunday, June 17, 2012

Sarah Jane Taylor

Sarah Jane Taylor, daughter of James Whitehead Taylor and Ann Rogers was born April 3, 1842 at Oldham, Lancashire, England.
When she was a small child she came to America with her parents. As they crossed the plains, she walked much of the way, some of the time carrying her baby sister, Margaret, on her back.  Her mother was pregnant with twins and they died at birth on the plains.
 She had a sweet voice and the story is told of her sitting in the back of the wagon as they traveled across the plains singing songs to her baby sister. The Indians were attracted by her sweet singing and followed the wagons. They asked her father to trade her to them for a horse.
Her family settled in Lehi, Utah.  Her people were poor and as a girl she had to work hard, sometimes gleaning grain in the fields so they could have flour.  They had to go barefoot and many times her feet would bleed.  Grandfather (James Harwood) was so sorry for her that be bought her some shoes and he finally got her parents to consent to their marriage even though she was very young.
She married James T. Harwood, June 10, 1856 and they were very happy together. They built an adobe house, one room of which he used for a store.  Later they built a store and sold groceries and dry goods. He also made harnesses and saddles and sold them.
She was a sweet, kind, lovable person, always clean and neat appearing, and an excellent cook, a good housekeeper and a lover of beauty.  She gave birth to twelve children, six girls and six boys, nine of whom lived to maturity.
They taught their children thrift and honesty and instilled in them high ideals by setting a good example. They encouraged education and the development of talents.
I, their granddaughter, love them dearly and as a child I thought nobody else had such wonderful grandparents. Their home to me was the most beautiful place on earth. The vine covered house, the holly hocks, golden glow and roses that grew in their garden I shall always remember and love the memory.  The grape arbor, the good apples that grew in the orchard, the joy of watching the trout in grandfather’s private fish pond and gathering walnuts at their place on Thanksgiving Day- things I shall never forget.  I loved to hear the drip of water from the leaky tap in the kitchen sink and the song of the canary- - these I associated with grandmother’s kitchen.
I loved the days when grandfather and grandmother came to visit at our house. They never failed to bring us children some little treat.  In my memory I can still see grandfather coming down our lane driving old “Nick” in the one seated buggy.  That’s about the last thing I remember of him. 
Grandfather died October 26, 1912 at Lehi, Utah at the age of 78.  Grandmother died November 14, 1922 in Salt Lake City at the age of 90. 

Written by Zada Smith Peterson.

Mary Amelia Smith Personal Record

    Mary Amelia Smith was born 26 February 1891, in Lehi, Utah.  She was the daughter of George Henry Smith, Sr. and Mary Jane Harwood.    Mary was blessed on 5  November 1891 by A. Anderson.  She was baptized and confirmed by E.A. Bushman on 7 March 1899.
    She had her schooling in Lehi, Utah.   She and her family migrated from Utah to Idaho December 5, 1905.
    She married Raymond Taylor in Riverside, Idaho on 27 May 1907.   They were married by Bishop John Bitton.   Their marriage was solemnized in the Logan Temple on 21 July 1921.  She also received her endowments that day in Logan.
     Mary received her Patriarchal blessing from Arson H. Hickenlooper on 20 April 1924.
     She died in Blackfoot, Idaho on June 5, 1967 and was buried in the Blackfoot (Grove City) Cemetery.
     During her life she served in the following church positions: Primary Teacher, Primary Counselor, Primary President, Y. L. M. I. A. Counselor, Stake Primary Leader, and 1st Counselor of the Relief Society from April 1939 to August 1943.

Mary Amelia Smith History

                I was born at Lehi City, Utah on February 26, 1891. The daughter of George Henry Smith and Mary Jane Harwood.  I was one of eleven children. They had two boys and nine girls. I spent my childhood in Lehi, starting school at the age of six years.  We went to school in the afternoon the first year, then in the morning until I reached the third grade.  After that I went all day.
                We had to cross the railroad to get to school and I used to run all the way until I got across the tracks, for I was afraid the train would block the road and I would be late for school.  As long as I went to school I was only late once and that was because a train stopped me at the crossing and my teacher didn’t mark me late. We walked a mile and a half to school.
                We children would go to the field with father and play while he worked. As we were coming home father would always stop and let us pick wild flowers.  We rode in the wagon to the fields and back.  In the winter we used to have blizzards. And father used to come with warn shawls and help us home. 
                The first thing I remember was when my little brother was born.  I was just four.  I was so happy, I always loved babies so much, and we were all so happy when a new baby came to our house.  Mother had a cradle for the baby and I used to lay on the floor and rock it with my feet.  He was sure hard to get to sleep, or it seemed so to me for I wanted to go play.  Mother would have us children take turns getting the baby to sleep.
                My sister, Zada, and I used to play house. She was two years younger than I. We would build our houses in the silver maple tree out by our lane. If we ever got a nickel we would buy a yard of voile (it was 5 cents a yard) and make our dolls dresses.  We used to make our play dishes out of apples or sugar beets. Father used to give us all the red and yellow beets to make our dishes out of.
                Uncle Ted Smith and his family live just through the fence from us and Uncle Jim Taylor’s family lived just on the south. They had children our ages and we had a very happy time playing together.  We used to go to Grandmother’s for Thanksgiving.  They had English walnuts and they would always leave some on the trees and on the ground for us children to gather.  We sure had fun hunting them and seeing who could find the most.  Grandmother would always have turkey, plum pudding, and mince pies.  She was such a good cook.  Sometimes there would be snow and we would go for a ride in the bob sleigh.
                Every summer father and mother would take us children and go to the west canyon for ten days.  They would get some of their friends and families to go with us.  Sometimes there would be more than one hundred people in the canyon at one time. We would have a big bonfire and all sit around it, sing songs and telling stories. They were very happy times. I remember one time in the canyon the older boys and girls were going to gather chokecherries. I started to go with them.  After we had gone some distance they sent me back to camp.  I went past the camp and kept on going until I knew I was lost. Then I got frightened and began to cry.  There were cattle around and that made me more afraid.  Soon they missed me and came to find me. When I saw father and the rest of them coming I sure was glad.  It is a terrible feeling to be lost in the canyon.  I never left the older ones again and didn’t enjoy our trips to the canyon too much after that.
                Christmas was a happy time at our home.  Our folks didn’t have much money and a large family. Mother used to let us pop corn and make chains out of colored paper for the tree.  We would get red apples and shine them to hang on the tree.  Father used to go to the canyon and get us a cedar tree.  We used to get one present.  Either a doll or dishes.  Grandmother always gave us some little thing. Our dolls were just little ones with a china head, hands and feet.
                I remember the last doll I had. It had hair and brown eyes and a pink dress.  The neighbor boys were over to our house playing and broke my doll.  It almost broke my heart too.
                When I was fifteen years old we moved to Blackfoot, Idaho. It was the 5th of December 1905.  My sister, just older than I, didn’t go to school after coming to Idaho. Father was working for the Sugar company and we didn’t have a way to go to school. There was a little school house just across the street from our home, but they had one teacher for all eight grades and a poor teacher at that.  We had been going to a good school and wouldn’t go to school here.  I have always been sorry that I didn’t finish my school but it was my own fault.
                I met and married Raymond Taylor on May 27, 1907 at Riverside, Idaho. He didn’t belong to the church, but did join our church in 1918.  I was very happy about it.  To this union were born five children:  Elmer Ray, Glen Coy, Fay Marley, Alice Marie, and Var Max.  We were very happy all our married life. Ray was a devoted husband and father. Before our last baby was born, we went to the Logan Temple of the 21st of July 1921 and were married for all ETERNITY and had our children sealed to us. Then in February 1924, he took sick with appendicitis and died the 1st day of March.
                Our oldest son, Elmer, was but 15 years old and Var, our youngest, was only one year old.  We got along as best we could. The boys ran the farm and for a few years I took school teachers in to board.  After Elmer got married, we sold the farm and bought us a home on the Riverside town site.  Ray asked me before he died to keep the family together. I tried to do it and did until they were all married.  I had many friends, mother and father, sisters and brothers to help me. The children were good to me and helped all they could. I was so thankful for the faith I had.  To know I could go to my Heavenly Father in prayer and He would always help me in my time of need.
                Without that faith, I don’t think I could of stood the trials I went through. I have tried to live a clean life and hope I have never done anything that would cause my children to be ashamed of me.  I think everyone of them are fine children.  I have the best daughter-in-laws and son-in-law in the world. I am so proud of them and all my grandchildren.  I hope and pray that the day will come then they will all go to the temple and be sealed for time and eternity.
                Elmer, our oldest one, married Elsie Gardner. They moved to Montana in April 1942 and in October 1943, Elmer passed away from a heart attack.  He left a wife and four children.  Glen married Naomi Turpin and they have six children.  Fay married Dora Weaver and they have four children.  Alice married Mearl Wheeler and they have four children.  Var married Nelda Hansen. They have two children.  They all have their own homes, and are good citizens, and Latter-Day Saints. This makes me very happy.
                I married Frank T Halverson, May 29, 1933.  He has been a good husband and a good father to my children. We are very happy together.  We have had many wonderful trips and he does everything to make my life happy.
                I served as first counselor in the Primary. I was Primary President for six years. A counselor in the Young Ladies Mutual under two presidents.  First counselor in the Relief Society, and a visiting teacher for 30 years.  I also served on the Primary Stake board.
                I had a son, step-son, and son-in-law in World War II and have two grandsons in the air force now.

 (Written in July 1952- though the editor took the liberty and adding children to Uncle Fay’s family and Uncle Var’s- as Dennis and Robert weren’t born until later.)

Poem written by Mary Taylor Halverson

If someday, a million years for now,
Beyond the misty fields of heaven,
While walking alone,
I should hear a bird-like, high-pitched voice,
I know my heart will skip a beat.
There will be no need to turn and about
Nor guess who might be greeting me.
Life made only one such quaint sound.
That moment will revive her face and gentleness for me,
And, before I turn to see her smile,
My mind will conjure her again;
Slight and shivering, in early morning Idaho light,
Trying to say “Goodbye” without tears.
Our farewells seemed all too long.
I placed my jacket around her shoulders
And she felt me warmth. . .
We never saw each other again.
And still, so still, I hear her voice.

Mary Jane Harwood

            I was born in Lehi, Utah, Jan. 25, 1862. My father James F Harwood was born in England, July 3, 1834. My Mother Sarah J Taylor was born in Oldham, England, April 3, 1842.
            My girlhood and part of my married life was spent in the town of my birth. I remember my brother, Jim, and I riding an old mule to school in stormy weather. Father would go with us leading the mule. The first Sunday school was held in grandfather Taylor's home. It was the first Sunday school in Lehi. Grandfather was the first Sunday school superintendent in Lehi.
            As a child, we used to play on the old forte wall which was quite near our home. An old man lived near by and he used to frighten us by telling us we'd break the wall. There used to be some holes by the forte wall from which they had taken the mud to build the wall with. These were filled with water, and at certain times of the year, these would be filled with polly-wogs. We used to catch them and have much fun with them.
            I remember well my first coat. I was 15 or 16 years old. I had purchased it with money received from drying apples, peaches, apricots, and plumbs. Mother gave us half of the fruit we dried. I paid $9.00 for my coat and was very proud of it.
            I remember that the grasshoppers were so bad they ate everything that was green. When they were flying, there was so many, one could not see the sun.
            When I wanted to go to a dance I would promise my brother, Jim, I would make him a custard pie. I usually got results. We used to have parties and shows at our home. We would charge pins for admission to the shows. Other amusements were apple and peach cuttings, and carpet rag bees. In the winter, crowds would go skating on Utah Lake.
            Before my husband was married, we had many pleasant joy rides in a spring wagon. After Sunday School, perhaps two other couples and us would go for a wagon ride and I am sure we enjoyed it fully as much as the young people do car riding today.
            I was married to George H. Smith on December 24, 1881. We first lived in a small log room. Our furniture comprised a small stove, 4 chairs, a table, a bed, 2 trunks and a sewing machine that father and mother gave us. They also gave us a heifer calf. We lived there until March then moved in the field in a small lumber room on 2 acres of ground. We added an adobe room to our lumber room. I went with my husband in the west hills to get rock for the foundation and helped him haul the adobe. He would hand them to me and I would place them in the wagon. I held a candle while he laid the floor at night. We finished our house just two weeks before our first baby, Grace, was born.
            On Sept. 23, my husband went to the canyon for wood. He was to be gone until the next day. Before leaving he took me to mothers. I rode on the running gear of the wagon. That night our first baby was born. A few years later we built two more rooms on our house making it very comfortable. We planted a good orchard, a fine variety of fruit trees, currants, berries and grapes. We had eleven children and they were all born in that home in Lehi. We had many hardships and struggles, but mixed with the sorrow and worries was much love, joy and happiness. We buried 4 children in Lehi: Grace, Sammie, Clara and Flora, which was indeed a trial.
            We had many good times going to parties and having our friends and families come to our home. We always spent Thanksgiving and the 24th of July at father and mother’s home. Almost every summer we would take our family and spend a week in the canyon. Some friends and their families would go too. At one time there was 90 Lehi people in camp at the same time.
            As we were returning from one trip in the canyon, we had trouble which might have ended very seriously. We had a young horse which drove a light buggy. My brother Fred was driving it. My husband wanted me to ride in the buggy because he thought it was too much for me to walk and carry Clara who was about 9 months old, but I was afraid to ride so the children and I walked down the canyon. The men had gone ahead with a wagon load of wood and they got stuck as they went up a steep hill. They were calling to the horses trying to make them pull and frightened the horse which was hitched to the buggy. He ran away with Fred. He jumped of a steep creek bank and turned the buggy up-side down in the creek. Fred jumped out in time to escape getting hurt. We were very grateful for the inspiration which kept me out of the buggy.
            My sister Flora Gibbs had an experience which has been a great testimony to me. She was in bed with her last baby and very ill. Her heart was very bad and it was doubtful if she would recover. One morning a man dressed in white entered her room and said, "It is time you were getting your work done," she was frightened and did not reply. He then repeated the same statement. She said, "How can I get it done, sick as I am?" He repeated it a third time and left the room. When she told mother about it she said "Oh you were just dreaming". But when I called in the afternoon she said to me, "Jane, I've had the funniest thing happen to me". Then she related her experience to me and she said, "I could not have been dreaming for I was wide awake." I told her, "Now Flo, the Lord would never have sent that warning to you without giving you a chance to do your work." She did get well and was baptized and wanted to go to the Temple with her husband and be sealed, but it was harvest time and they kept putting it off until her husband’s nerves collapsed. He was taken to Canada to his mother and father. Shortly afterwards, Flo died. Three of the children were taken to Canada, including the baby and the other three remained in Lehi with her sisters. After a few months her husband recovered and he brought two children with him and had his wife and five children sealed to him. His brother had taken care of the baby and had moved away and couldn't bring her with him.
            I joined the church after we were married and we went to the Logan Temple and had our endowments. My father's family didn't belong to the church and my brother, Don, delighted in arguing with me about my religion.           
            In one conversation he asked me why it was that the Elders converted usually the poorer class of people. This I was unable to answer. I thought about it and felt badly because he was so sure he had made a point there. My eyes were bad and I couldn't do much reading. That night after going to bed I thought about it and was real worried during the night. I saw Jesus Christ standing on a high mountain. He was holding a large Bible open and he said to me "Read". I thought and I said to Him, "I cannot read, my eyes are too bad." Then there appeared to me in large figures 1213. They appeared twice. In the morning when Ben came to breakfast I told him about it. He got the small bible, but couldn't find that many chapters in it. I knew it must be there. I remember it was a small bible he held so we got a larger bible which had belonged to his father and mother, and sure enough on that page was the "Sermon on the Mount" which was the perfect answer to Don's question.
            Once while visiting with Aunt Mary Wood in Salt Lake I met a Mrs. Conobes from Spanish Fork. She related to me an incident in her life when she was a child she saw an angel. She also told me I would have a large family that would be a credit to me. I am the mother of eleven children and I feel that her prediction came true.
In the year 1903, Grace died. We had her sealed to Eugene Webb. In Jan. 1904, George was married to Christie Sharp and two weeks later left for a mission in the northern states.
            That same year our son, Sammie, died of a heart ailment. My husband was away in Idaho employed by the sugar company. This was indeed a trial for me. In August 1905 our last baby was born and we named her Fern. She was such a comfort to us. In Feb. 1905 Annie was married to Eugene Webb. In Dec. of that year we moved to Blackfoot, Idaho. It was very hard to leave my home, and Annie, Mother, father, sisters, and friends and go away among strangers. I took me quite a long time to get used to it. I soon made many friends whom I learned to love dearly. In Feb. 1906 while I was in Lehi visiting my daughter Annie, Clara, who was 8 years old became violently ill with a pain in her head. The Doctor couldn't decide what was the trouble. She became helpless as a baby and lost her eye sight. We had within such a short time lost three children just older than she, then we felt we could not give her up. We prayed and exercised our faith and did everything in our power for her but she did not improve in any way. We took her to Idaho on a stretcher in May of that year. The doctors there could do nothing for her. She just lingered on helpless and pitiful. In Sept. I felt that I could stand it no longer so I brought myself to say "Thy will be done" and began to put her things away. Very soon after that she passed away. I was convinced that the Lord know best. When we ask for our loved ones to be spared to us, we should be willing to say "Thy will be done". Through our trouble we learned what a host of real friends we had and that Idaho was a good place to live.
            In May 1912, I was set-a-part as Relief Society President of Riverside. When asked to be president, I told the Bishop I didn't think I was capable. But he felt that I should take it. I told him I would talk to father and then let him know. Father thought it would be a good thing for me, but I couldn't feel convinced. That night I dreamed a large crowd was going on the train and I decided to not go with them. I could see the train pulling out with all those people leaving me behind. I at once thought of Relief Society and how it would go on without me and I would fail to enjoy the privileges and experiences which awaited me if I failed to respond to the call. I accepted the call and will never cease being grateful for the joy and enrichment of spirit that experience gave me.
            In May 1914 we sent our daughter Zada to the Central States on a mission. She was married to Ancle Peterson in June 1916.
            In the year 1918 we purchased a home in Blackfoot and move there. I was very happy and contented in that home which was indeed very convenient and lovely. We enjoyed the neighborhood so much too. We were members of the Blackfoot 2nd Ward. While there, I acted as Relief Society Teacher. In 1929 we sold our home and moved on the other side of town in the home we had purchased from George. We remodeled the house and made it very comfortable but I was never contented there. Perhaps one reason for that was because my health was very poor. We were farther from the ward house and I couldn't be so active in church affairs.
            Fern was married to Fred Gurney. In the summer of 1924 when Fern's first baby was only a few weeks old, Fred's father, mother, and brother from Lehi were making then a visit. They decided to take them on an outing to Indian Springs and they invited father and me to go to. We chose a certain place to eat our lunch but in order to get there it was necessary to go down the hill and carry Fern's baby. Therewas some willows at the foot of the hill and due to a misunderstanding, I came from behind the willows directly in front of the car. Father saw me and threw on the brakes but they did no good. There was no possible way for me to get out of the way. Something seemed to tell me to sit on the bumper which I did and there I rode until the car was stopped.
            In the spring of 1935, we sold our home and purchased one in Lehi. We moved back to our old home town. George and Annie are still living there. Also two of my sisters and many dear friends. We love our home for it is lovely. The people of Lehi gave us a hearty welcome and have continued to be very friendly and nice to us. We are enjoying it all and are very happy except that we get lonely for our children in Idaho and the dear friends we have there.
            Mary Amelia Smith Taylor Halverson added this note: Mother died Feb 8, 1939 at Lehi Utah at the age of 77 years. She was a wonderful mother and a true Latter-Day-Saint.